Korthai Language

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The common Korthai language. combines phrases and concepts from several languages, attributed to the high degree of cultural intermixing.

Numbers

1 = natt

2 = datt

3 = khatt

4 = komma

5 = gemma

6 = temma

7 = dakka

8 = konn

9 = latann

10 = tatt

Grammar

Verb Suffixes

Various suffixes can be added to a root verb to form to make nouns, adjectives, and participles.

Paradigm: kokh- = to see.

-al = nomen agentis, someone who does something. kokhal = the seer.

-lash = negative form of the above, someone who does not do something. kokhlash = the non-seer.

-az = someone to whom something is being done. kokhaz = the one who is seen.

-sash = negative form of the above, someone to whom something is not done. kokhsash = the one who is unseen.

The following, when used as adjectives, take the ending -o; as substantives, they take no ending.

-alg = active participle. kokhalg = [the] seeing [person].

-laksh = negative form of the above. kokhlaksh = [the] unseeing [person]

-azg = passive participle. kokhazg = [the] seen [person].

-saksh = negative form of the above. kokhsaksh = [the] unseen [perso]

-onn = able to do something. kokhonn = 'able to see'

-mash = unable to do something. kokhmash = 'unable to see,' 'blind'

-alann = able to have something done to it. kokhalann = 'able to be seen, visible'

-lamash = unable to have something done to it. kokhlamash = 'unable to be seen, invisible.'

-yat = abstract noun. kokhyat = 'sight,' a 'vision' or 'image'

-alyat = the act of doing something. kokhalyat = 'the act of seeing' -- etc.

-mat = ability to do something. kokhmat = 'vision,' 'ability to see'

-mashet = inability to do something. kokhmashet = 'inability to see,' 'blindness'

Noun Suffixes

Gender-based suffixes: -id (male) and -enn (female).

Paradigm: khonn, a type of ship. (Note that -nn changes to -mm- before a vowel, Y excluded.) khommai, ships.

khonn-va, 'of the ship'

khommai-va, 'of the ships'

khonn-valt, something which is of the ship.

khonn-te, 'to the ship' [the ending -te may be related to the Assi vocative case]

khommai-te, 'to the ships'

khonn-shi, 'from the ship'

khommai-shi, 'from the ships'

khonnshilt, something which is from the ship

khonn-la, 'the place of the ships' or 'shipdom' or 'the world navigable by sea.'

khonn-ya, 'the group of ships' or 'navy'

Compounding Suffixes

These endings can combine with the above in various ways, e.g.:

kokhazva = 'of the person who is seen'

kokhalte = 'to the seer'

Kokhalannya = 'the realm of the invisible'

kokhalann khommai = 'the invisible ships'

kokhalva khonn = 'the seer's ship'

Vocabulary

B

balatt = serpent, snake

banto = new

bel = to rain

belann = a cloud

benno = short

berash = a cow (term of insult) (cf. Assi boishai, Old Arangothian barra)

D

dado = green

dar = to travel by ship

daral* = a sailor

dakka = seven

dalann = a woman

dalo = bright

dann = a sail

darm = a head

datt = two

daz = saltwater

dazla* = the Sea

dekh = to navigate a ship

deld = a swan

desh = a kind of fish

dev = land

devshilt* = a landlubber

G

galo = tall, long

gann = a leg

gashatt = to look for (cf. Assi agahai, 'to hunt')

gatann = the prow of a ship

gatt = to walk; to go (cf. Assi agai, 'to go,' egaite, 'to walk')

gedd = drinkable water

gel = the sun

gelid = a man (archaic *dalid)

gemma = five

geshekh = to watch, oversee (cf. Assi agahi)

gurann = a storm

guranno* = angry

gurannoyat* = anger

J

jor = yes, affirmitive

julahn = the ritual of creating special works during the Kesset Korthai

K

kadd = a type of boat

kakk = a wall; the side of a ship; a hull

kakkshilt* = a barnacle

karo = dark

karoyat* = darkness

kato = strong

katoyat* = strength

kelo = good

keloyat* = goodness

kekor = the captain of a ship (cf. Assi ceicoi, 'warrior of high rank'; caicon, 'male war leader')

kesset = a ceremony (cf. Assi ceesai, 'a celebration')

khad = the moon

khanor = cloth

khatt = three

kherm = a hand

khol = an eye

khonn = a type of ship

kimma = four

kisho = white

kokh = to see

kokhalid = the (male) seer.

kokhalenn = the (female) seer.

konn = eight

Korthai = the self-designation of this race of seafarers. (cf. Assi coite, 'man')

Korthla = the collectivity of places inhabited by the Korthai, as a geographical expression.

Korthya = the Korthai in general, Korthaidom.

Korthyava = of the Korthai in general, 'Korthaian'

Korthyate = 'to the Korthai'

Korthyashi = 'from the Korthai'

Korthyava khommai = the Korthai ships

Korthid = a male Korthai, plural Korthidai.

Korthenn = a female Korthai, plural Korthemmai.

koyann = shark

L

lak = wine

lako* = sweet (like wine)

lal = no, negative

lalo = bad, evil

laloyat* = evil (noun)

lant = an elder

lanto* = old

lantya* = the body of elders, council, etc.

larth = to land a ship

larthla* = a dock or dockyard

latann = nine

lath = the sky

lathshilt* = a star

M

makh = an arm

masett = to attack (cf. Assi amsei, 'to act (upon)')

meredd = to kill (cf. Assi imeirith, 'to wound, damage')

meredeld* = a weapon

mestev = to come (cf. Assi emeiste)

murann = to die (cf. Assi amormi)

N

nak = a whale

nakh = the hold of a ship

nard = someone who is not Korthai

nardya* = the non-Korthai world

narm = beer

naro = bad, lousy, unskilled

narth = an oar

natt = one

nedd = to fly (cf. Assi ineith, 'to fly')

neddal* = a bird

nesho = black

neth = a type of ship

nett = to stop (cf. Assi anei, 'to stop')

nettal* = an anchor

nettla* = a port-city

nott = the keel

S

sanor = hardtack (cf. Assi sainoi, 'bread')

sasheld = overcoat (cf. Assi saihalt, 'clothing, usualy made from wool')

shekh = alarm, danger

shett = a mast (cf. Assi aite, 'tree')

shetez = to flee, to escape (cf. Assi aitesi, 'to run')

T

tar = to give (cf. Assi ati)

tashett = a face

tatann = the deck of a ship; a floor

tatt = ten

teld = a seagull

temma = six

tisho = cold

tivar = to take (cf. Assi atui, 'to take')

tivaraz* = to be taken, i.e., adopted into Korthai society

tivarazg* = one who has been adopted by the Korthai

tivarazyat* = the act of being adopted into Korthai society

V

vak = blood

vakshilt* = a native-born Korthai

vako* = red

varo = young

vaz = to do battle (cf. Assi avasi, 'to fight')

vazal* = a warrior

vazald* = a warship

vazalya* = an army

vazyatva* = military

ventev = an island (cf. Assi uimte, 'stone, earth, soil')

ventevshilt* = an islander